The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865

The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865 In The Fall Of General Sherman And His Army Cut A Ruinous Swath Across Georgia, And Outraged Southerners Steeled Themselves For Defeat Threatened By The Approach Of The Union Army, Young Eliza Frances Andrews And Her Sister Metta Fled From Their Home In Washington, Georgia, To Comparative Safety In The Southwestern Part Of The State The Daughter Of A Prominent Judge Who Disapproved Of Secession, Eliza Kept A Diary That Fully Registers The Anger And Despair Of Confederate Citizens During The Last Months Of The Civil War The War Time Journal Of A Georgia Girl Depicts The Chaos And Tumult Of A Period When Invaders And Freed Slaves Swarmed In The Streets, Starved And Beaten Soldiers Asked For Food At Houses With Little Or None, And Currency Was Worthless Eliza S Agony Is Complicated By Political Differences With Her Beloved Father Edited And First Published Nearly A Half Century After The Civil War, Her Diary Is A Passionate Firsthand Record

A popular Southern writer of the Gilded Age Her works were published in popular magazines and papers, including the New York World and Godey s Lady s Book 1 Her longer works included The War Time Journal of a Georgian Girl 1908 and two botany textbooks 2 Eliza Frances Andrews gained fame in three fields authorship, education, and science Her passion was writing and she had success both as

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  • Paperback
  • 420 pages
  • The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865
  • Eliza Frances Andrews
  • English
  • 13 December 2019
  • 9780877972143

10 thoughts on “The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865

  1. says:

    This was a fascinating read, and yet a difficult one On the one hand, it is an important document regarding what it felt like to be there, in the moment, as soldiers used your land and rubbed your nose in the loss of a four year conflict On the other, the racism which, in so many ways, has yet to leave the American consciousness, is hard to read with anything other than nausea Eliza Frances Andrews was living in Washington, Georgia, and went on a trip to Southwest Georgia just after Sherman s troops went through on their infamous March to the Sea She describes in vivid detail the scorched earth and the blackened chimneys of once proud homes in the land that, until then, had been bountiful She also describes with great fury the theft of her family s property, which she euphemistically refers to as servants, but the correct word is slaves She loathes the Yankees, and has trouble finding kind things to say for even the kinder ones When she describes the conditions at Andersonville, which were ugly beyond belief, she maintains that the Northern newspapers blew it out of proportion and that it was the Yankees fault anyhow, because they wouldn t exchange prisoners She views the servants and the freedman as little than children or trained pets I think the whole of her point of view can be summed up in this quote from the text Some future Motley or Macaulay will tell the truth about our cause, and some unborn Walter Scott will spread the halo of romance around it In all the poems and romances that shall be written about this war, I prophesy that the heroes will all be rebels, or if Yankees, from some loyal Southern State The bare idea of a full blown Yankee hero or heroine is preposterous They made no sacrifices, they suffered no loss, and there is nothing on their side to call up scenes of pathos or heroism Her point of view is plain, and given that she wrote it in 1864 1865, it is not surprising Her explanatory remarks, written in 1905, only dig the racist hole deeper, I believe Even though her father was a clear eyed Union man who saw failure in the Confederate cause and suffered for it even in his own home, she still maintained that she thought the cause just and glorious, and was sad at its lack of success.

  2. says:

    This book gives an interesting view of the feelings of the Southern slave holding families at the end of the Civil War and into Reconstruction From a 2010 point of view the reader has to remind themselves that we are reading a historical viewpoint from 1865 a very different set of circumstances shaped the feelings of the author i.e elite slaveholding, wealthy class whose entire world is being turned up side down but try to hold onto and justify their beliefs about race and slaveholding wrong though it may be.

  3. says:

    If u want to really know about the south and the war read thisFrom a young girls life

  4. says:

    The Confederacy produced many interesting and talented women who left valuable accounts of their experiences and observations, but Eliza Andrews was in a class by herself Later a noteworthy teacher, novelist, and botanist, her youthful journal of War and Reconstruction is characterized by a sharp eye, intelligence, and smooth prose It s a great pity that she destroyed most of it in a moment of self doubt the surviving portions cover Christmas Eve, 1864 through August, 1865.Her viewpoint is that of a sophisticated member of the Southern elite there is adoration of knightly Confederate officers loathing for the barbarous, hypocritical Yankees racism mingled with compassion for the slaves, developing into sorrow, suspicion, and fear once they are emancipated although a modicum of mutual loyalty persisted, and her family offered support to some of them for the rest of their lives the white lower orders are seen as colourful, sometimes admirable, but definitely other.There s not much sign of Southern patriarchy here not only was Eliza highly educated and accustomed to mingling with the leaders of society, but she often expresses regret about browbeating her father for his pro Union beliefs during Reconstruction he appears to have been something of a scalawag, but she loyally refuses to elaborate However, she was expected to keep her strong opinions within the bounds of feminine propriety, and occasionally wishes she could cuss like the men.The anticapitalist strain in Southern thought so readily dismissed by Northern writers reached remarkable fruition in Eliza s case her contempt, derived from personal experience, for the North s mask of rectitude inoculated her against comfortable myths about the War, and when she prepared her diary for publication in 1918, she had become convinced that both sides were merely unconscious agents in the evolution of society The South was the last representative of an economic system that had served the purposes of the race since the days when man first emerged from his prehuman state until the rise of the modern industrial system made wage slavery a efficient agent of production than chattel slavery The War was a pure case of economic determinism, which means that our great moral conflict reduces itself, in the final analysis, to a question of dollars and cents, though the real issue was so obscured by other considerations that we of the South honestly believe to this day that we were fighting for States Rights, while the North is equally honest in the conviction that it was engaged in a magnanimous struggle to free the slave The truth of the matter is that the transition to wage slavery was the next step forward in the evolution of the race, just as the transition from wage slavery to free and independent labor will be the next.She concludes In the clearer understanding that we now have of the laws of historical evolution, we know that both sides were right, for both were struggling blindly and unconsciously in the grasp of economic tendencies they did not understand, toward a consummation they could not foresee whatever praise or blame may attach to either side for their methods of carrying on the struggle, the result belongs to neither it was simply the working out of that natural law of economic determinism which lies at the root of all great struggles of history. Most of Eliza s fellow diarists never got anywhere near this level of dispassionate analysis When memoirs of this sort began flooding the publishers around the turn of the century, they were usually characterized by safe and unthreatening We loved the South but we now really, really love the Union smarminess Eliza s smart astringency sets her apart, and earns the reader s respect.The only real problem with her book is that she, herself, never got away from the life of privilege her life, even during the collapse of the Confederacy, was essentially a round of parties the difficulty of setting a presentable table when the only food to be had was ham and peas was much on her mind There are stories of practical jokes with friends, and sing alongs, and outings apart from having to do her own cleaning once the slaves began to leave, she rarely got her hands dirty So, valuable and insightful as her account may be, it lacks the visceral impact of Kate Cumming s hospital journal and some of the books by former soldiers The horror of war does not come through, but she convincingly sketches the breakdown of society in the wake of war, and the anxieties and fears of defeat and occupation.

  5. says:

    She has a good command of the English languageand it was enlightening to read the southern well off young person s point of view of the Civil War and immediate aftermath from her own experience, but I must agree with some reviewers that the author s war was quite tame and comfortable compared to some All the parties, dancing and meals fed to countless visitors seemed to belie any real suffering So she got sick of peas and couldn t have new dresses all the time What a shame There seemed to be a lot of visiting back and forth and laughing No one died A quite biased account of the glories of the Olde South and how nasty it all was that the awful Yankees came down and spoiled everything Oh well, from her privileged perspective, it must have been horrid Insightful.

  6. says:

    Interesting how the armies came through Washington Ga after the fighting ended and then the transition to Northern army units Diary sure paints the picture of how difficult social and economic shifts were Travel was sure difficult Many dances, calling visits and such got a bit repetitive but guess that makes sense in that was what they did For a diary book I much preferred Fear in North Carolina.

  7. says:

    Gave a good insight of the South following the war Some of the thoughts and feelings still remain sadly today Shows just what the southerns thought of the North and the black former slaves Also showed how freedom affected them too Would have liked to know what happened to her later in life Did she ever marry and have children Did her family ever regain any wealth

  8. says:

    Georgia girl ReviewThis is a vivid account of the tragedy of civil war on a population It speaks frankly of the perceptions of the southern women regarding slavery and injustices on both sides of the war War is war and it is never good.

  9. says:

    Exceptional MemoirWithout a doubt the best memoir of life in the deep South I ve read Ms Andrews has chronicled so much of life and the hardships brought about not by the Civil War, rather those of the obscene behaviors of the occupiers.

  10. says:

    Enlightening ReadI enjoy non fiction historical books and this did not disappoint She says just what she feels Excellent insight into her life and times.

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