Guns and Sails in the Early Phase of European Expansion, 1400-1700

Guns and Sails in the Early Phase of European Expansion, 1400-1700Uma analise solida e bem estruturada sobre o inicio dos Imp rios Europeus que se v o estabelecer com base no dom nio dos mares. Certo che la traduzione fa proprio pena Il Mulino avrebbe potuto spendere qualche lira in pi per un editor Inoltre ci sono un sacco di riferimenti a delle presunte immagini che per nell edizione italiana non ci sono Ragazzi, capisco che il libro antico ma un po pi di curaCi ho messo parecchio a leggerlo ma pi a causa del lavoro che del contenuto Stanca com ero, leggevo un paragrafo e mi prendeva un sonno tremendo Certo, mi ha aiutato a fare tanti sonnellini sul divano ma forse non questo lo scopo di un libro.Si parla ancora di storia moderna, non solo in Europa ma anche in Asia e nelle Americhe Uno sforzo di ricerca incredibile e per questo l autore ringrazia tutti i suoi ex studenti che lo hanno aiutato.Si parla di cannoni e di artiglieria all inizio Di come l arrivo della polvere da sparo abbia cambiato il modo di fare la guerra ma anche di come tanti personaggi si siano opposti a questo modo di fare la guerra che non era nobile Poi si passa al cambiamento nei modi di navigazione che favorisce la Gran Bretagna e l Olanda a scapito dei paesi mediterranei che non riescono a vedere che l innovazione potrebbe cambiare le loro vite.L ultima parte si concentra sui paesi extra europei Cina, Giappone, le Americhe e l India Spiega come gli europei fossero in vantaggio nei combattimenti marittimi ma perdessero spesso quando si trattava di combattimenti sulla terra ferma Di come, nonostante tutto, i cannoni europei fossero sempre e comunque meglio di quelli costruiti dalle altre parti.Cipolla continua a piacermi molto come autore Sto imparando molto leggendo i suoi libri che, grazie al suo stile molto semplice e un po cinico, sono molto scorrevoli Il prossimo sar Istruzione e sviluppo Il declino dell analfabetismo nel mondo occidentale. The endless footnote citations got in the way, and in many ways the appendex wasenjoyable than the book. Carlo M Cipolla was one of the earlier historians trying to grapple with how specific European powers chiefly, in his case, the Portuguese, Dutch, and Spanish became global powerhouses by the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries He also completed this volume before Geoffrey Parker s The Military Revolution offered acomplex view of technological innovation and military change on the continent Cipolla s thesis is fairly straightforward the Europeans achieved hegemony on the world s oceans because they were the first to harness cannon effectively for ocean warfare and that, combined with the transition from the oar to the sail in ocean going vessels, allowed European ships to harness inanimate energy and reserve human energyexclusively for offensive capabilities Cipolla divides his short volume into two parts First, he discusses, in great detail, the gradual development of guns that is, cannon for field artillery and naval artillery This includes a discussion of the various bottlenecks that confounded European engineers for centuries for example, how to cast cheaper iron guns in ways that matched the efficiency and reliability ofexpensive bronze cannon There is much excellent detail here, although it will likely bore most readers who aren t enthusiastic about the intricacies of developing the earliest cannon The second part of his volume, andproblematic in a twenty first century context, endeavors to trace the proliferation of gunpowder technology from Europe to the Muslim and Asian worlds Cipolla s narrative of how non Western powers failed to mimic European ocean going vessels and cannon relies extensively on various cultural arguments that are now mostly debunked For example, Confucian China disparaged skilled artisans, were apprehensive of foreign influence, and possessed prevailing cultural traits that were not favourable to innovation These explanations for why China did not develop European styled navies or cannon are too simplistic and are is now replaced by Kenneth Chase s nuanced argument about Chinese steppe warfare in his book Firearms Cipolla s attempts to grapple with Ottoman, Mamluk, Indian, Japanese, and Korean warfare are also very brief and therefore simplistic For 1966, however, Cipolla s book was quite innovative because it practically targets all the major components of what military historians now call the military revolution some two decades before Geoffrey Parker developed the concept in his lectures 3 stars primarily because this book is dated, although the section on gunpowder development still offers excellent details for military historians. So Thoroughly Do We Assume The Military And Political Superiority Of The Western World That We Forget That Throughout The Middle Ages Europe Was Weak, Vulnerable, Besieged, And Almost Always On The Defensive This Original Work Explains How Europe Managed To Become The Dominant Player On The World Stage For Four Glorious Centuries, Effecting One Of The Most Enormous Turnarounds In History Professor Cipolla Argues That The Force That Effected This Enormous Change Was The Simultaneous Development Of Guns And Sailing Ships, And The Fusion Of The Two Into A Weapon That Swept All Before It The Gun Carrying Ocean Going Sailing Ship Ranging In Subject From Bell Casting To Jesuit Missions, And In Area From The Uncultivated Woods Of Sussex To The Imperial Court Of China, This Book Shows How The Resources Of Capital And Labor Were Used To Make The Most Of Technological Advances That Would Shape History And The World We Know Today This short, detailed work, based on European sources, shows the development of the key technologies that allowed the west to rise to temporary world dominance Of the three title subjects, guns get the most discussion, though there is solid coverage of the development of European naval and merchant ships The sections on the reactions of non European cultures to European innovations or adaptations are dated, but useful A good read. Rapid read, well documented, and mostly unarguable, so long as you don t overextend the argument It is quite clear that the linking of cannons and sailing ships represented a quantum leap forward in terms of European capabilities vis a vis the rest of the world It remains unclear where that factor stands in the pantheon of factors that resulted in the so called Rise of the West, but Cipolla s case is clear. The text of the book was interesting enough but I remember most distinctly the stunning abundance, one might say superfluity, of footnotes Never again have I seen so many pages so exclusively occupied by footnotes I imagine talking to Prof Cipolla may similarly devolve into tangents, then tangents upon tangents, for hours Costretta a studiarlo per l esame di Storia Moderna, devo dire che alla fine risultato interessante e scritto bene Questo nonostante l argomento s , avete capito bene, parla esattamente di VELE e CANNONI.capiamoci. Book recommended by Paul Graham

Carlo M Cipolla August 15, 1922 September 5, 2000 was an Italian economic historian He was born in Pavia, where he got his academic degree in 1944.As a young man, Cipolla wanted to teach history and philosophy in an Italian high school, and therefore enrolled at the political science faculty at Pavia University Whilst a student there, thanks to professor Franco Borlandi, a specialist in Med

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  • Paperback
  • 192 pages
  • Guns and Sails in the Early Phase of European Expansion, 1400-1700
  • Carlo M. Cipolla
  • English
  • 10 January 2019
  • 9780897450713

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