What god can help me tell so dread a story Who could describe that carnage in a song Well, the answer of course is Virgil, a poet of the era of Augustus Rome Why does he write it Many literary critics have condemned the Aeneid for being state propaganda Of course it is Openly, proudly so Many others have condemned it for connecting strongly to other epic poems of the Ancient world, most notably of course Homer s Iliad and Odyssey Of course it does Openly, proudly so The Aeneid is a perfect example of a change of imperial power and education from one dynasty or area in the world to another, a translatio imperii et studii Whenever empires rise, and are in need of legitimacy, they make sure to incorporate literature, art and other cultural achievements of suppressed or defeated powers, thus creating a fictitious historical connection that justifies their claims to greatness and world dominance.The Greek culture has been widely exploited to establish a tradition of unbroken rule and lawful power in Europe, and the Aeneid is an early example of fiction supporting the dynastic claims of a whole people.Constructed as a sequel to the Iliad, and thus taking place at the same time as the Odyssey, it tells the story of Trojan refugee Aeneas and his family, who are on a quest to find a new home for themselves after surviving the destruction of Troy by the Greeks After many adventures, mirroring Ulysses problematic navigation in the tricky waters of the Mediterranean, they land in the country where fate tells them to found a new empire based on Aeneas descendants Here they turn from refugees to usurpers of power and fight a bloody war to finally declare themselves victors over the native peoples in the area which will become known as Rome, or Italy.So far, so good Translatio imperii, check Translatio studii Roman culture is in many ways a direct copy and paste of earlier Greek achievements, and their Olympus is mostly identical, just renamed But there are peculiarities within the Aeneid that give it a specific flavour and make it enjoyable to read For example, Aeneas visit to the Underworld is hilarious, and he meets both past and future celebrities of his tribe The modern reader may wonder how life in the Underworld works out practically, with Creusa, Dido, and eventually also Lavinia all joined together in their love for Aeneas Is polygamy acceptable in the Underworld, if it is only practised as serial monogamy on earth But those are amusing, theological reflections that the heroes do not dwell on.Much interesting are the godly powers that support or oppose Aeneas cause, with Venus, his mother, being his most ardent advocate in Olympus, and with Juno being his most hateful enemy A combination that puts Jupiter in a pickle, of course.Aeneas manages to have weapons of mass destruction delivered by the joint effort of Venus and Vulcan, and it is of peculiar interest to archaeologists that his shield carries the future of Rome written down for him a prophetic text Or a wonderfully amusing way to establish legitimacy through translatio historiae Rewriting history when needed for political purposes is not an invention of Orwell s 1984 Dante later added his own journey to the Underworld under the guidance of experienced traveller Virgil translatio studii as illustrated in The Divine Comedy, and beautifully painted by Delacroix, in another simultaneous leap forwards and backwards in history, creating connections between times and characters What made me read the ancient text, and stick it out until the end, despite being frustrated at times when the war turned into repetitive, graphically described slaughter, involving heads cut open so that brains are split in half, and any other imaginable mutilation of human bodies, over page after page There is the interesting question of heroic ideal, alive and terrifyingly deadly still in World War I and II, of Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori , the famous line from Virgil s contemporary Horace s Odes One young man in the Aeneid puts it quite bluntly if I win, I will bring home lots of booty, and if I fall, I will be an immortal hero Either way, my father will be proud.There are the relationships between men and women, and the role of women in general Camilla, the warrior virgin modelled on s Hippolyta or Penthesilea, the mighty Carthaginian queen Dido, who has a strong mind of her own, and Lavinia, the booty for the winner in the war, are all different representatives of ancient women s roles and status in society For the modern reader, the goddesses in the Olympian council are amusing types, playing the political advocates of the causes they support, fearlessly, adamantly, and in eternal frustration over the slow pace of the action, and over the cacophony of a polytheistic assembly, all with equal right to speak and lobby and to which they add incessantly Quite like international committees nowadays, weighing different claims, needs and justice against each other General verdict if you love mythology, historical processes as mirrored in fiction, graphic war scenes, unhappy love, and stormy seas, as well as the neverending story of human fight for power and legitimacy, then the Aeneid is highly recommended.I enjoyed it all, and will close with a bow to Dido, my favourite ancient, tragic heroine so far She did not really get a chance, representing Carthage Her suicide was a necessary construction to symbolise the wars to come Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam, said Cato, and Dido was just one of many to suffer from Roman power play A mighty queen, nonetheless view spoiler hide spoiler THEY CAN CONQUER WHO BELIEVE THEY CAN THEY CAN, BECAUSE THEY THINK THEY CAN Now, isn t that a nifty quick analysis of how faith works That s Virgil talking Faith in oneself or Faith in a Higher Being Let s take a closer lookVirgil left off writing this masterpiece a mere twenty years before the Star appeared over ancient Bethlehem And, of course, the Aeneid gave the worldly Romans hope for a brighter future at the same time, when their history was beginning its slow decline into moral chaos It inspired them to believe that a semi divine Trojan named Aeneas had given them ideals worth dying for With not much respect due to Troy s ancient conquerors the Greeks.Coincidence Sure, it was political propaganda commissioned by Augustus, through Virgil s noble mentor Maecenas.But don t forget that many of the same Roman readers of this runaway bestseller were fathers of the first Italian Christian converts The domino effect was about to play its hand.Early Christian apologists, looking for grist for their mills, would soon see in Virgil s groundbreaking ideas about a blissful afterlife in the Elysian Fields for ordinary good people, as well as Homer s heroes an announcement of the Lord s freely offered salvation.Did I say Homer That s another thingApproximately concurrent with all of this was the disastrous destruction by fire of Alexandria s priceless library the last detailed link with the pre Roman Greek world.So, now, books like this one were suddenly a prime source for imaginative myth making.It is hard to imagine such inspired living as the Knights of the Round Table, or early books of such high mindedness as Piers Plowman or Sir Gawain and the Green Knight existing without the nobility of the Aeneid.Or even the late medieval romancesThe Greeks so sybaritic in their literature and such a springboard in their stories for the imagination had little or no influence on our serious Medieval European ancestors The very dearth of Hellenic playfulness gave our ancestors their dour mindset.So, the popular faith and imagination of the Middle Ages derived largely from books like this Even Aeneas triumphant victory over Turnus was seen by clerics as a divine allegory of the victory over evil.And who s to say they were so WRONG, though But, with that, Church censorship was also beginning, and Roman freedoms were eventually to be curtailed.But freedom has radically different restrictions as Age progresses to Age, and while we postmodernists seem to have fewer, we in fact have migrated to much less privacy.Every age has its manner of obviating anarchy And to the Church, MORAL Anarchy was the most perilous type of chaos And for the future of European civilization It seems in hindsight to make sense.It s like your parents weeding out any bad influences on you as you grew up can THAT be such a bad thing Most good parents do it or used to.Sure, there ll be some Major adjustments for the kids later on, but if they have an active intelligence, they ll catch up in plenty of time By the time of the Renaissance Europeans were than ready to delight in the rediscovered Hellenic classics.Similarly, could the seed of a great religion of love and compassion have taken root without the concurrent sowing of the nobility that the Aeneid has in men s minds Could Christianity have spread like wildfire throughout the fallen Empire without it Sure, I know I m REACHING a bit to make my point.But whatever your own views, the Aeneid is the great Medieval Desert Island Book one of the only great ancient imaginative yarns the serious, and violent, early Middle Ages really had.A true oasis for the souls of those who were lost in all that scattered debris after the Fall of the Colossus that was the Roman Empire. La fortuna favorece a los valientes La Eneida, este poema pico inmortal surgido de la genialidad de Publio Virgilio Mar n, es considerado uno de las obras cl sicas fundacionales de la literatura universal que lo relaciona directamente con los aedos griegos, especialmente Homero, pero que en como continuaci n hist rica con la guerra de Troya tiene tambi n conexiones con algunas de las tragedias de Esquilo y S focles.Virgilio, este poeta incomparable, comparte dos detalles muy interesantes con el genio checo Franz Kafka Esta, su obra cumbre est inacabada luego de once a os de gestaci n a los que dedicara los ltimos a os de su vida, incluso ya muy enfermo, de la misma manera que Kafka, no termina sus novelas El castillo o El proceso , Virgilio deja trunco el final de la Eneida que le arrebata la muerte cuando lo sorprende a los 51 a os Por el otro lado, tambi n comparte con Kafka una decisi n que fue deso da Kafka, ya gravemente enfermo de tuberculosis le pide a Max Brod, su amigo y albacea que queme toda su obra, orden que Brod desobedece para legarnos todo lo que hoy leemos de este autor.Lo mismo hace Vario, amigo y tambi n albacea de Virgilio quien ya en su lecho de muerte le pide que queme todo lo escrito sobre la Eneida, poema que el poeta acostumbraba a recitarle al emperador Augusto.Cuando uno lee la Eneida sabe de antemano que si quiere realmente tener una idea global de lo que all sucede, deber , en lo posible leer previamente la Teogon a de Hes odo que explica como se gestaron los distintos dioses del Olimpo y como stos, luego de relacionarse con los mortales fueron engendrando a los distintos h roes de los poemas.De esta forma, llegamos a saber que Eneas es fruto de la uni n de la diosa Venus o Afrodita para los griegos con su padre Anquises como de la misma manera Aquiles nace de la uni n de la diosa Tetis con el mortal Peleo, mientras que con Ulises esto no sucede aunque es importante aclarar la intima relaci n que el h roe de la Odisea tiene con Palas Atenea Siempre los dioses interceden ante un destino posiblemente desafortunado para cambiar las cosas y esto tambi n suceder en la Eneida, ya que constantemente Eneas es protegido por Venus en distintos momentos, desde la huida de Troya hasta el arribo a las costas de Hesperia, como se denominaba antiguamente a Italia hasta cuando comienzan los combates contra los latinos bajo la orden del caudillo Turno, quien a su vez tendr el apoyo de otra diosa, Juno, quien generar en l y en sus s bditos la constante violencia y nimos para ir a la guerra, como lo hace tambi n el dios Ares Marte con H ctor en la Il ada Es que Juno, celosa de los troyanos har lo imposible para impedir que Eneas funde una nueva Troya en Italia, adem s por haber sido desairada por el mortal Paris eligiendo a Venus y por el desaire amoroso que le propina Gan medes con un pr ncipe troyano.Pero Venus no es la nica diosa que formar parte de todo este juego de traiciones, discordias y peleas Otros dioses como J piter Zeus o Vulcano quien, de la misma manera que hizo con Ulises forjar la armadura y escudo de Eneas para la batalla con Turno tendr n incidencia directa.As , todo estar servido para la guerra Pero primero debemos aclarar que la Eneida consta de dos partes bien marcadas.En primer lugar, luego de la destrucci n de Illi n, como se conoc a tambi n a Troya, Eneas escapa con su padre Anquises a cuestas y su hijo Ascanio de la mano, perdiendo en ella a su esposa mortal, Cre sa A partir de all , arribar a Cartago donde tendr un tormentoso affaire con la reina, Dido Estos hechos tienen un trasfondo que le acarrear n m s desgracias al h roe teucro.Es que el escape de Eneas hacia Italia tiene el mismo tenor que el de Ulises volviendo a taca en la Odisea Recordemos que son varios los poemas y tragedias en donde se narran regresos odiseicos luego de la ca da de Troya Lo mismo sucede con el regreso de Agamen n en la tragedia de Esquilo y en la Orest ada, narrado por el mismo aedo.Luego de vivir las peores vicisitudes, de la persecuci n de Juno, la muerte de muchos de sus guerreros, de estar sometidos a tempestades que destruyen sus naves llega a Italia y es aqu donde comienza la segunda parte, que tiene en el relato, una similitud muy cercana a la Il ada, cuando los latinos entran en guerra con los teucros Los cuatro libros finales de los doce que contiene la Eneida relatan estos hechos b licos.Es clave haber le do la Il ada, ya que la descripci n de las batallas ser n pr cticamente iguales a los del poema de Homero Por momentos, las manera en que lo describe Virgilio es tan cruento que parece que uno como lector est viendo esa violencia con la que latinos y teucros se masacran en el campo de batalla La sangre salpica por doquier a todos los que son muertos por su enemigo, las lanzas acribillan cuanto pecho se encuentran y se parten cabezas hasta el cuello o se deg ellan hombres sin la menor compasi n.Parece que Nik lai G gol se inspir en la Il ada y la Eneida para contarnos de manera tan explicita y tan parecida lo que sucede en el enfrentamiento entre los cosacos ucranianos y los polacos en su novela Tar s Bulba, lo que demuestra la inspiraci n que poetas como Homero o Virgilio generaban en los grandes escritores de la era moderna.Otro aspecto muy importante a tener en cuenta es que el eje y el centro de la Eneida reside en el libro VI, cuando Eneas desciende a los Infiernos para encontrarse con Anquises, su padre fallecido De la misma manera que cuando Ulises baja al Hades, Eneas debe atravesar los distintos lugares del Infierno como lo hace el inmenso Dante Alighieri quien durante gran parte de la Divina Comedia elige para esa traves a precisamente a Virgilio Nadie m s indicado que el poeta latino para acompa arlo en ese oscuro camino.A diferencia de lo narrado en La Divina Commedia, Virgilio nos explica c mo es el Infierno de una forma m s reducida y como si todos los lugares estuvieran muy juntos unos de otro.Eneas es acompa ado por la profetiza Sibila, quien le muestra y explica qu es cada cosa en el Averno y que sucede con las almas que est n all Lo que Dante describir con todo lujo de detalles es mostrado a Eneas r pidamente, tal es el caso de Caronte, el barquero que traslada las almas por el r o Aqueronte, la laguna Estigia y el lago del Leteo, en donde Eneas tambi n debe entrar para olvidar parte de lo vivido.Ya en los libros XI y XII se desarrolla la batalla final y da la sensaci n de que Virgilio traza una comparaci n con la Il ada para describir el enfrentamiento m s importante de todos entre Eneas y Turno, como lo hiciera Homero con Aquiles y H ctor.Es claro el sentimiento de homenaje a Homero como tambi n la inspiraci n que el poeta griego le infund para continuar la historia en su propio poema.Comparando la Il ada como la Odisea, tanto Eneas como Aquiles enfrentan a su adversario con el objeto de vengar la muerte de Patroclo en el caso de Aquiles contra H ctor como la muerte de Palante a manos de Turno en lo que respecta a Eneas.Lamentablemente y al quedar inconclusa la Eneida, nunca sabremos que sucede despu s de este enfrentamiento del que no voy a revelar el ganador para resguardar a aquel lector que quiera embarcarse en la aventura del bravo y valiente guerrero Eneas, cuyas haza as han quedado inmortalizadas en el oro de las letras universales gracias a Virgilio, uno de los padres de la literatura.Quisieron los hados que as fuera Book Review3 out of 5 stars to The Aeneid, a classic work written in 17 BC by Virgil In The Aeneid, Virgil creates two vastly different archetypal heroes named Turnus and Aeneas Aeneas is a Trojan prince who has hopes of finding a new Troy in the land of Latium, but he runs into an angered Turnus, a Rutulian prince that does not welcome Aeneas Both men are equally strong, equally determined, and have equal and rightful claim to the land However, Virgil creates this distinct difference and hatred between the men that leads to the profound greatness of Rome Turnus is a Rutulian prince who is planning on marrying Lavinia, the princess of Latium He is courageous when he defends his people in the war against the Trojans Book IX and X , brilliant in his plans to attack the Trojan camp p.207 , yet motivated to win for purely personal goals Turnus sacrifices public welfare and the good of the state just to defeat Aeneas and win the battle and Lavinia Aeneas is also a prince who is planning on marrying Lavinia He is caring when he looks back for his late wife Creusa p.57 , respectful and loving when his father dies p.80 , and driven when he continues his journey to find a new Troy p.103 However, unlike Turnus, Aeneas is truly unselfish in his reasons for wanting Latium Aeneas wants to settle the land for his people and their families, to find a new Troy Aeneas does not want the land to be selfish Both Turnus and Aeneas have determination behind them, physical and mental strength behind them, yet most of all the gods behind them With the help of Juno, Turnus fights till the end avoiding several near deaths such as Pallas arrow and his jump into the Tiber River fully ard Similar to Turnus, Aeneas mother helps Aeneas by giving him protection with the creation of the shield p.198 , and when she heals Aeneas wound with the special potion p 302 Turnus and Aeneas up until this point have no differences They are identical in their strengths, weaknesses, and support However, the one major difference between them is that Aeneas has destiny behind him He is fated to take care of his Trojan people, find a new Troy, marry Lavinia, and bear descendants to establish the great city of Rome Aeneas has no choice but to win the war and Lavinia s hand in marriage Turnus must lose and somehow suffer He cannot escape his fate Virgil makes use of the difference between the two heroes using antagonism, hatred and most of all the superiority of Aeneas to show the greatness of Rome At the time The Aeneid was written Augustus Caesar was in power and the Pax Romana was beginning Rome was in a state of absolute reign and greatness Virgil makes use of the character Aeneas to show the greatness of his friend Octavian or Augustus Caesar He uses the difference between the two heroes to show that by destiny via Aeneas an ancestor of Octavian Caesar Rome will lead the world in philosophy, art, and intelligence, etc Turnus is good, but Aeneas is better and so is the new emperor Caesar With Octavian Caesar in control, Rome will become even greater than it is Virgil accomplishes his goal of glorifying Rome and its leader Augustus Caesar Virgil creates a strong similarity between Turnus and Aeneas, however the major characteristic of these two heroes is that Aeneas is destined to win and Turnus to lose This difference greatly surpasses the likeness between the two men and leads to the exaltation and glorification of Rome If Augustus Caesar is anywhere similar to Aeneas, which he is as Virgil points out, he will lead Rome to the tops And that is just what happensAbout MeFor those new to me or my reviews here s the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you ll also find TV Film reviews, the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I ve visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the who what when where and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by. There are plenty of reviews here telling you why you should or shouldn t read book X This review of Virgil s Aeneid, the largely completed first century BC nationalist epic poem that recounts the Trojan War and Aeneas s role in the eventual founding of Rome, will tell you instead why you should read a copy of Aeneid from a university library Simply put student annotations Nearly every book in a university catalog has been checked out at one time or another by a student reading it as primary or supplemental material for class Thus, many books have important passages underlined, major themes listed at the beginnings of chapters, and clarifications written in the margins The copy of Aeneid that I read not only contained thematic annotations from one student, but also a number of unintentionally funny comments from another This made reading the epic poem, the sort of which spends five pages describing Aeneas s shield, much entertaining than it might have otherwise been For example, beside a section in which the longevity and glory of the Roman Empire was prophesied, the befuddled student wrote, But Rome fell did Virgil know this Ah yes, Virgil the time traveling super poet who cleverly peppered his verse with chronologically ironic statements The same annotator observed that Dido s downfall is that she s too nice apparently, feuding goddesses had nothing to do with it and produced a mind boggling series of rhetorical queries that demonstrate the importance of using context when deciphering pronouns in poetry hint the closest noun isn t always the antecedent Sadly, the annotator only made it about a third of the way through the poem before either realizing that he she could glean the crucial bits from lecture Wikipedia or dropping the class As a result, I was forced to pencil in similar comments in order to make it through the rest of the poem The moral of this story is that though you may get the occasional bonehead marking up your book, reading a book that others have commented on previously gives an undeniable sense of camraderie As in any interaction with strangers, you may be happily surprised, disappointed, or surprised into laughter I highly recommend the experience to all. I sing of warfare and a man at war.From the sea coast of Troy in early daysHe came to Italy by destiny,To our Lavinian western shore,A fugitive, this captain, buffetedCruelly on land as on the seaBy blows from powers of the air behind themBaleful Juno in her sleepless rage.And cruel losses were his lot in war,Till he could found a city and bring homeHis gods to Latium, land of the Latin race,The Alban lords, and the high walls of Rome.Tell me the cause now, O Muse, how galledIn her divine pride, and how sore at heartFrom her old wound, the queen of gods compelled him A man apart, devoted to his mission To undergo so many perilous daysAnd enter on so many trials Years after finally reading The Illiad and The Odyssey one of my high school classes went over the important bits of The Odyssey, but that was pretty much the beginning and end of my classical education , I got around to reading the Roman side of the story, at last Is it blasphemy to say that I like Virgil s version Granted, Odysseus is probably a compelling character, since he s at least morally complex in comparison to Aeneas s bland nobility and piety, but I kind of preferred reading the adventures of a guy who manages to be a hero without also having to be a self centered, cheating dickbag Even though I prefer the Greeks to the Romans overall, I m Team Aeneas on this one, because man, Odysseus sucks I have this whole theory that everything that happens in the Odyssey is actually one huge lie concocted by Odysseus to explain why he didn t come home for ten years after the Trojan War As in Homer s epics, some of the best parts of this book are the battle descriptions, which are exciting, detailed, and appropriately gory There s also a lengthy description of the armor that the gods give one of the characters, and even though that sounds boring, it s actually beautiful And I liked the supporting characters a lot than I liked Homer s, especially Queen Dido and Camilla the warrior girl Also Aeneas travels to the Underworld, which is always a fun time. some funny reviews as to my opinions on this1 this is filled with purple prose and instalove, complete with a hot sexy bad boy for the main character2 hello my name is Aeneas Dark ness Dementia Raven Way I have long ebony black hair and some people say I look like Aphrodite AN if u don t know who she is get da hell out of here I was sailing through the ever mindful anger of the savage Juno It was raining so there was no sun, which I was very happy about A lot of gods stared at me I put up my middle finger at them.3 this doesn t really deserve one star but my latin class definitely does The Aeneid Is An Epic Poem Written By Virgil In The St Century BC It S Hero Is Aeneas, A Trojan Who Travels From Troy To Italy To Eventually Found Rome Some Argue That The Aeneid Is Virgil S Answer To Homer S Odyssey And Iliad, Combining Two Genres Of The Day Travel And War Into One Poem Take That, Homer No Civilization Is Without A Bit Of Revisionist History So It Was That Virgil Picked Up The Story Of Aeneas, Which Was Already Floating Around At The Time, And Forged An Epic Founding Myth For Rome And The Aeneid Fit The Bill, As It Linked Rome With The Legends Of Ancient Troy, Glorified Stodgy Roman Values, And Legitimized Its Emperors As Descendants Of The Heroes And Gods Of The Past George Washington Probably Didn T Chop Down A Cherry Tree, But It S A Fun Legend To Tell The Kids Read as part of my A Levels.Thoroughly enjoyed the first half of The Aeneid mainly because its the half influenced by The Odyssey and so mythological and fantastical less enthralled by the second half influenced by The Iliad with war and politics Will go back for a reread at some point I imagine.
Publius Vergilius Maro October 15, 70 BCE September 21, 19 BCE , usually called Virgil or Vergil v rd l in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues or Bucolics , the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, are sometimes attributed to him.Virgil is trad
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- 08 June 2018 Virgil